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4.5 Billion Year Old Meteorite Named Black Beauty Reveals Earth’s Origins


Published on: August 2, 2022,

The history of earth and Milky Way sometimes feels enigmatic. It might be possible that once upon a time 4.5 billion years ago Red Planet had a crust comparable to Ice land today. With this discovery found in a Martian figment could provide information about Earth that was lost over billions of years of geological movements. A question arises why Earth developed into a planet that could sustain life while Mars did not.


A Martian origin of 4.48 billion year meteorite nicknamed Black Beauty which originated on oldest region of Mars was studied.  Black beauty was originated from ancient region of Mars named Cimmeria-Sirenum The meteorite recorded first stage of evolution of Mars and all other terrestrial planets including earth. The study found Earth lost its surface due to plate tectonics.  Moreover it was found Mars had volcanic activity to that found on Earth recorded that first stage of Mars’ evolution. But the source region and geological context have remained a mystery.


The researchers studied the nature and formation of Mars Crust to determine if Earth and Mars shared a common past that includes continent like and ocean like crust. The researchers used orbital observations captured in this region to investigate whether traces of volcanism similar to Iceland existed on Mars. “As of today, Mars’ crust complexity is not understood, and knowing about the origin of these amazing ancient fragments could lead future rover and spatial missions to explore the Terra Sirenum-Cimmeria region that hides the truth of Mars’ evolution, and perhaps the Earth’s,” said Valerie Payré, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Astronomy and Planetary Science.


With this work a question arises why Mars now cold and dry evolved so differently from Earth a flourishing planet for life? The researchers’ team’s algorithm is adapted to detect impact craters constellating Mercury and Moon. The study opens new door to guide future investigations of the Solar System.








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